Posted by: shopannies | June 15, 2010

List of toxic or slightly toxic plants

Summer is here and many of us will be outside taking care of plants. While we love the way they look little hands may want to see the way they taste as well. Here is a list of toxi or slightly toxic plants to keep you alert to the dangers of certian plants
 
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Toxic or Slightly Toxic Plants
Name
Parts
Clinical Signs
Apricot Stem, bark, seed pits  
Azalea (Rhododendron spp.) All parts, mostly leaves Stomach irritation, abdominal pain, abnormal heart rate and rhythm, convulsions, coma, some death.
Bird of Paradise Fruit, seeds  
Boston Ivy All parts  
Caladium All parts  
Creeping Charlie (Glecoma hederacea L.) All parts Sweating, drooling, usually not fatal.
Castor Bean (Ricinus communis) All part but mostly seeds, if chewed Nausea, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, tenesmus, dehydration, shortness of breath, excessive thirst, weakness, muscle twitching, convulsions, coma.
Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana) Leaves, seed pits, stems, bark  
Daffodil (Narcissus spp.) Bulbs  
Daphne Berries, bark, leaves  
English Ivy (Hedera helix L.) Leaves, berries Stomach irritation, diarrhea, troubled breathing, coma, death.
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea L.) Leaves, seeds, flowers  
Glacier Ivy Leaves, berries  
Heartleaf All parts  
Hemlock, Water (Cicuta maculata L.) All parts, root and root stalk Dilated pupils, frothing at the mouth, spasms muscles spasms, restlessness, convulsions, and death (within 15 min to 2 hours)
Hyacinth (Hyacinth orientalis) Bulbs, leaves, flowers Colic, vomiting and diarrhea, usually not fatal.
Hydrangea (Hydrangea spp.) Leaves, buds Irritation and inflammation of the digestive tract, diarrhea, bloody stool.
Jerusalem Cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicum L.) All parts, unripe fruit  
Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) Leaves and stems, especially young plants. Breathing problems, severe anxiety, convulsions, coma, death. Intravenous antidote exsist.
Jimson Weed (Datura stramonium L.) All parts Rapid pulse, rapid breathing, dilated pupils, restlessness, nervousness, twitching, frequent urination, diarrhea, depression, weight loss, weak pulse, convulsions, coma, death.
Jonquil Bulbs  
Lantana (Lantana camara L.) Leaves and berries Sluggishness, weakness, bloody diarrhea. In severe cases, death may occur in 2 to 4 days.
Lily-of-the- Valley (Convallaria majalis) All parts  
Mandrake Roots, foliage, unripe fruit  
Mistletoe Berries  
Morning Glory Seeds  
Marble Queen All parts  
Nightshade (Solanum spp.) All parts Hallucinations, severe intestinal disturbances, diarrhea, drowsiness, numbness, dilated pupils, trembling, labored breathing, nasal discharge, rapid heartbeat, weak pulse, incoordination, paralysis or severe shaking of the rear legs, rapid heart rate, bloat, can be fatal.
Nephthytis, Arrowhead Vine All parts  
Oats, (Avena sativa) All parts Breathing difficulty, skin irritation, paralysis, convulsions, death (rare).
Pigweed, Redroot (Amaranthus retroflexus) Leaves, stems, roots. Troubled breathing, trembling, weakness, coma, death.
Poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) Leaves, flowers Not lethal, but can cause skin, mouth, eye, and stomach irritation.
Pokeweed, Inkberry All parts Colic, diarrhea, blood in stool, rare cases anemia, and possible death.
Parlor Ivy All parts  
Red Sage Green berries  
Rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum) Leaves Staggering, trembling, breathing difficulties, weakness, diarrhea, increased drinking and urinating, death.
Red Princess All parts  
Saddleleaf All parts  
Tulip (Tulipa spp.) Bulbs  
Umbrella Plant All parts  
Yew, English (Taxus baccata) and Japanese (Taxus cuspidata Sieb. & Zucc.) n/a Breathing problems, trembling, weakness, heart problems, stomach upset, very sudden death.
 
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